Vertical garden is a model for a sustainable residential building, a project for metropolitan reforestation contributing to the regeneration of the environment and urban biodiversity without the implication of expanding the city upon the territory. It is a model of vertical densification of nature within the city that operates in relation to policies for reforestation and naturalization of large urban and metropolitan borders. Here is a round-up of the most elaborate vertical forests situated within architectural works around the world.
Bosco Verticale, Italia
The first example of the vertical forest is Bosco Verticale which consists of two residential towers of 110 and 76 meter high in the centre of Milan. This project was the brainchild of the Italian architect Stefano Boeri and his Boeri studio.
Located on the edge of the Isola neighborhood, Bosco Verticale hosts 900 trees and over 20,000 plants from a wide range of shrubs and floral plants distributed according to the sun exposure of the facade. On flat land, each vertical forest equals, in amount of trees, an area of 7,000sqm of forest.
In terms of urban densification, it is the equivalent of an area of a single family dwelling of nearly 75,000sqm. The vegetal system of the vertical forest contributes to the construction of a microclimate, produces humidity, absorbs carbon dioxide and dust particles, as well as produces oxygen.
Nanjing Green Towers, China
Located in the Nanjing Pukou District (an area destined to lead the modernization of the southern Jiangsu and the development of the Yangtze River economic area), the two towers are characterized by the interchange of green tanks and balconies, following the prototype of Milan’s Bosco Verticale.
Along the facades, 600 tall trees, 500 medium-sized trees (for a total amount of 1,100 trees from 23 local species) and 2,500 cascading plants and shrubs will cover a 6,000sqm area. This real vertical forest that contributes to regenerate local biodiversity will provide 25 tons of carbon dioxide absorption each year and produce about 60 kilograms of oxygen per day.
Therein, the 200 meter high tower will host offices from the 8th to the 35th floor, a museum, a school and a private club on the rooftop. The second tower with 108 meters in height will comprise a Hyatt hotel with 247 keys and a swimming pool on the rooftop. Meanwhile, a 20 meter high podium will host commercial, recreational and educational facilities, including shops, a food market, restaurants, a conference hall and exhibition spaces. The project should be finished by 2018.
One Central Park, Australia
Two iconic towers designed by Jean Nouvel for Block 2 of the Frasers Broadway project transform the skyline of Sydney. The project includes a 34-story residential apartment tower and a 12-story serviced apartment tower set on a common retail podium. The 130 meter high building is the culminating landmark of the multi-building Frasers Broadway project, located on a former brewery site near the downtown.
A vertical landscape designed in collaboration with French botanist and artist Patrick Blanc covers approximately 50% of the building’s façade area. The landscape extends the planted area of the adjacent urban park vertically onto the building, creating an exceptional living environment for the building’s residents and a powerful green icon on the Sydney skyline.
Hydroponic walls, low profile horizontal planters and supporting cables integrated into the tower’s facades help a variety of climbing and spreading plants. Such plants act as a natural sun control device that changes with the seasons, shielding the apartments from direct sun during summer while admitting a maximum of sunlight in winter. A combination of sustainable design strategies makes Block 2 the first residential tower in Sidney to achieve a 6 Green Star rating.
Gardens by the Bay, Singapore
Singapore’s Marina Bay comes alive at night with 18 LED lit Supertrees that reach over 50 meter tall. Each “tree” is actually a concrete structure with hundreds of small plants embedded on the side. At the top of each structure are solar panels to power the park’s systems and conservatory as well as rainwater tanks.
Tour and Taxis, Belgium
Designer Vincent Callebaut’s vision for an eco-neighborhood covering a 40-hectare post-industrial site in Belgium would include not one but three vertical forests and several million plants.
In Callebaut’s plans, the site’s warehouses and sheds have been repurposed into offices with a commitment to conserving energy and reuse of renewable power. The futuristic design would generate enough energy for its residents.
Aggregated by The Finest Magazine